At three years, your child is testing his emerging physical skills to explore everything new that he encounters. He is also more agile, with better body coordination and balance. Take this opportunity to fine tune his motor skills with fun-filled activities that will pave the way for advanced skills.
Activities to boost gross motor skills
Movements such as rolling over and sitting use the larger muscles in the arms, leg, torso, and feet. You can improve the gross motor skills with a few of these activities.
- Make an obstacle course wherein your child leaps over a chalk line, goes under a chair, climbs up and down a big square block and runs to the finish line.
- Your child can also try a medley of activities at different times. He can walk forward three steps and three steps backward.You can play the game of “Simon says” with your child and give commands for doing different types of movements, such as hopping, skipping and jumping. Or, you can sing action songs and have your child do the human, animal or bird movements depicted in the song.
- Your child can go on a treasure hunt in a strategically arranged room to challenge his physical skills.
- Your child can have fun with a large ball by aiming it at a target, throwing it in a basket or at a distance, and catching it.
- To enhance his balance, your child can try walking on a thick chalk line, or he can leap over one stick at a time.
- Riding a tricycle will help your child use different sets of muscles and coordinated movements.
- You can also let your child dance freely to his favourite tune or do simple exercises.
Activities to boost fine motor skills
Fine motor skills are small movement such as picking up small objects and holding a toy. Fine motor skills make use of small muscles such as finger, toes, wrists, tongue, and lips. Involve your child in these activities to fine tune his fine motor skills.
- Make your child thread 5 to 10 large wooden beads on a child-friendly plastic wire.
Also make him sort out beads by colour, from a small pile of two coloured beads.
- He can pound, squeeze and make shapes with play dough or with clay.
- Your child can button large buttons on a sample cloth or try to cut paper by using child-friendly scissors or even tear a piece of newspaper into small pieces.
- He can use thick crayons to draw or pour coloured water through a funnel, into a plastic bottle. Make him do palm painting, by moving both hands vigorously on a big paper which has some blobs of thick starchy paint made at home.
Do not forget to use close and guided supervision when giving these activities to your child for safety and maximum learning. Also, use your creative imagination to generate more such activities as your child likes change and variety.